A visiting friend recently saw a pair of shoes I was wearing, and commented on how much they looked like a pair of shoes that he had recently purchased for running. On the next visit he brought his shoes, and I was excited about the similarities – it was a one-piece shoe made of a synthetic material, with a “channel” around the top that a drawstring cord passed through.
Mine, made of leather and natural rubber, will totally biodegrade. If you make yourself a pair, you will know how to repair them if needed, and the leather can be re-used to make something else, perhaps a pair of toddler shoes. Shoes you make yourself have a long life ahead, while the commercial shoe has no future but the dump.